DMI/MEMS Seminar

Nov 16

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Wednesday, November 16, 2022 – 12:00PM to 1:00PM


Olexandr Isayev (Carnegie Mellon University)

Deep learning is revolutionizing many areas of science and technology, particularly in natural language processing, speech recognition, and computer vision. In this talk, we will provide an overview of the latest developments of machine learning and AI methods and their application to the problem of drug discovery and development at Isayev's Lab at CMU. We identify several areas where existing methods have the potential to accelerate materials research and disrupt more traditional approaches. First, we will present a deep learning model that approximates the solution of the Schrodinger equation. We introduce the AIMNet-NSE (Neural Spin Equilibration) architecture, which can predict molecular energies for an arbitrary combination of molecular charge and spin multiplicity. The AIMNet-NSE model allows us to bypass QM calculations fully and derive the ionization potential, electron affinity, and conceptual Density Functional Theory quantities like electronegativity, hardness, and condensed Fukui functions. We show that these descriptors, along with learned atomic representations, could be used to model chemical reactivity through an example of regioselectivity in electrophilic aromatic substitution reactions. Second, we proposed a novel ML-guided materials discovery platform that combines synergistic innovations in automated flow synthesis and automated machine learning (AutoML) method development. A software-controlled, continuous polymer synthesis platform enables rapid iterative experimental-computational cycles that result in the synthesis of hundreds of unique copolymer compositions within a multi-variable compositional space. The non-intuitive design criteria identified by ML, which was accomplished by exploring less than 0.9% of overall compositional space, upended conventional wisdom in the design of 19F MRI agents and led to the identification of >10 copolymer compositions that outperformed state-of-the-art materials.